Saturday, September 12, 2009


The main plan: History of the People's Republic of China

With perisytiharan People's Republic of China (PRC) on October 1, 1949, originally to dibahagikan China People's Republic of China on the ground and the Republic of China (ROC) in Taiwan and Fujian, which is a few remote islands.

Republic of China

The main plan: History of the Republic of China

Disappointed by the opposition against the renewal of the Qing court and the weakness of China, young employees, employees tentera, and students - inspired by the revolutionary ideas of Sun Yat-sen - initially supported the overthrow of the Qing Dynasty and the creation of a republic. A rebellion tentera, Wuchang Uprising, dimulakan on October 10, 1911 in Wuhan. Kingdom while the Republic of China was formed in Nanjing on 12 Mac 1912, with Sun Yat-sen as president, but he was forced to hand over power to Yuan Shikai, president of New Tentera and the Prime Minister of the Qing empire, as a partial agreement to the throne of the king caused a decrease in the last Qing ( a decision that disappointed Sun and tasteless). In the following years, Yuan Shikai dissolved the councils of state and provincial legislation and in 1915, mengisytiharkan himself as overlord. The ideals of the Roman Empire Yuan fiercely opposed by the subordinates and after facing the prospect of rebellion, Yuan abdicated and died shortly thereafter in 1916. Her death resulted in the top leadership vacuum in the republic and the empire era brought a "commander" when China was ruled by a monarchy rather than a mixture comprising the chairmen provincial tentera changing.

Zaman Moden

Both the Opium War in the opium trade and the consequences are very detrimental to the Qing dynasty and the Chinese populations. Treasury Roman Empire Qing diisytiharkan muflis twice, due to compensation payments imposed kerana opium wars, and the outflow of silver metal that much, due to the opium trade (in the tens stage milliard auns). China experienced two of the most extreme famine exactly twenty years after every war opium in dekad 1860's and 1880's dekad, with the Qing empire are not trying to help people. From the social aspect, these events have a great impression he kerana mencabar hegemony enjoyed by the Chinese people in Asia for centuries. Thus, in China in the riot situation.

Qing Dynasty

The main plan: Qing Dynasty

Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) diasaskan after penewasan Ming Dynasty, the Han dynasty, the last, by tentera Manchu. The Manchus who was formerly known as the Jurchen attack from the north on through the 17th century. Although they started out as alien conquerors, they were properly practice with the norms of traditional Chinese empire based Confucianism and eventually ruled in the style of the original dynasties.

Ming Dynasty: Resurrection of the Han government initially

The main plans: the Ming

There is a vibrant sentiment among residents of the government "foreigners" (recognized as Dázi) which finally sparked peasant revolts. Mongolian People postponed to the Steppe and replaced by the Ming Dynasty in 1368.

During the Mongol rule, the population has shrunk by 40 peratus that approximately 60 million people. Two centuries later, this number was increased twofold. Pembandaran increase as the population increases and as pembahagian work becomes more complicated. Centers of large airports such as Nanjing and Beijing also contributed to the growth of private industry. In particular, industries, small scale and often appear to specialize in expenditures paper goods, silk, cotton, and porcelain. Many centers are quite small airport with their own markets emerged across the country. Dealer markets, particularly selling food and home utility items sebilangan like pins and needles cooking oil.

Mongols and Yuan Dynasty

The main plan: Yuan Dynasty

Jin ditewaskan Roman Empire by the Mongols who then tentera mara for southern Song killed in a war and a bloody long time. War is the first war firearms play an important role. In the years after the war who later identified as Pax mongolica, traveler-Western travelers like Marco Polo to make the trip to China and thus bring back the first reports about the magic to Europe. In China, the Mongols dibahagikan to those who want to perpetuate themselves in Steppe and those who want to practice the customs of Han resam nation.

Political Pembahagian: Liao, Song, Western Xia, Jin, Mongol

The main plan: Song Dynasty

In the year 960, the Song Dynasty ((960-1279) rise to power in most of China with a share capital of Kaifeng, and commence a period of economic prosperity, when the Khitan Liao Dynasty ruled Manchuria and eastern Mongolia.